Only One Strike Per Swing Says California Supreme Court
People v. Vargas
In a unanimous decision, the California Supreme Court likened the nature of the three strikes sentencing law to baseball, stating that a person should not be able to get multiple strikes as the result of a single “swing” with the bat. In discussing the intent of California’s voters when the law was enacted, the court reasoned that
“[g]iven this information, the voting public would reasonably have understood the ―Three Strikes! baseball metaphor to mean that a person would have three chances—three swings of the bat, if you will—before the harshest penalty could be imposed.”
This ruling does not mean that a person who has received multiple strikes as the result of multiple victims, or a course of criminal conduct that is divisible, benefits from this ruling. Vargas applies to situations where multiple strikes result from an indivisible course of conduct with a single victim. For example, carjacking a single vehicle could result in multiple convictions for carjacking, robbery and kidnapping. However, under Vargas these convictions would constitute but a single strike.